Blue-chip Stocks: Definition and Advantages

Blue-chip stocks refer to large, mature companies with stable revenues. These companies are often leaders in their industries, have a stable record of paying dividends, and are known for their financial stability, reliability, and ability to operate profitably in both good and challenging economic conditions.

They are often favoured by investors who are looking for a combination of steady growth and income through dividends. Also, these companies have high market values, often in the billions of dollars.

what is a blue chip company

What is a blue chip company?

Blue-chip company shares are typically regarded as low-risk investments due to their stability, substantial market value, and high trading activity.

Market capitalisation, a key metric for evaluating a company's size, is calculated by multiplying its share price by the number of outstanding shares. It's a prerequisite for inclusion in benchmark indices like the FTSE 100 index. Companies with larger market capitalisation tend to have higher trading volumes, resulting in greater availability of shares (liquidity) for buying and selling.

For investors, blue-chip stocks are an excellent choice to diversify their investment portfolios without taking on excessive risk.

what are blue chip companies

These companies typically maintain stable financial positions and are often deemed safe investments with low risk by stock analysts. They typically receive favourable ratings from credit rating agencies responsible for assessing risk.

Another notable trait of such companies is their resilience during financial crises. When the broader stock market experiences declines, these stocks tend to decrease in value to a lesser extent compared to other companies. They are often referred to as defensive assets.

Advantages of investing in blue-chip stocks

There are several advantages to investing in blue-chip stocks. Blue-chip stocks typically represent the companies with the highest market capitalisation within a reference index, such as Unilever, HSBC, or British American Tobacco.


Most blue-chip stocks have a history of regularly paying dividends, even during challenging economic conditions. This can provide a consistent income stream for investors.


Blue-chip stocks are highly liquid, meaning investors can buy or sell them easily at any time.

Trading volume

Blue-chip stocks typically have a high level of trading activity, indicating strong investor interest. This high trading volume often leads to narrower price spreads, reducing the cost of executing trades.


Blue-chip stocks generally exhibit stable and steady price movements. While they may experience occasional periods of significant growth, they typically do not exhibit extreme fluctuations, providing investors with a sense of predictability.


Due to their solid financial positions and market dominance, blue-chip stocks tend to have low volatility. As a result, they are not the preferred choice for investors seeking short-term speculative gains, but rather for those focused on long-term stability and income generation.

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In conclusion, blue-chip stocks stand as pillars of stability and reliability in the world of investments. These well-established companies, often with strong market capitalisation and a history of consistent dividends, provide a safe harbour for investors seeking long-term growth and income.


Why are they called “blue-chip” stocks?

The term “blue chip” originated from poker, where blue chips were the highest value. Similarly, blue-chip stocks represent the highest value and reliability in the stock market.

How can I buy blue-chip stocks?

You can buy blue-chip stocks through a stockbroker or online trading platform, often with minimal hassle.

Do blue-chip stocks guarantee profits?

No investment is entirely risk-free, so blue-chip stocks do not guarantee profits. However, they offer a lower level of risk compared to many other investments.

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